Background and Article Introduction – As a nurse, it may appear to be an easy job but the numerous duties and tasks nurses must take on require not just high competence levels, but also a remarkable mental toughness and the capacity to manage stress levels that are quite high in the nursing field. In their research, Eley, Eley, and Rogers-Clark (2010) investigate the motivations that lead people to choose to become nursing as a career, as well as the causes that cause them to quit nursing. In the setting of a regional nursing college, The study examines both internal and external factors.
The goal of this article is to review the findings of the study carried out by Eley et al. (2010) and identify the factors that influence the decision to become a nurse and then leave the field. The results of the analysis will help to understand how the working environment in which nurses work could be improved. In the end, retention levels within the designated subject will increase significantly.
According to the information provided by the researchers of the study, most people can decide on their nursing around when they reach the age of thirty. When it comes to the motivations for choosing the chosen career that can assist others, along with self-interest are mentioned in the majority of cases in the study, according to the researchers of the study. Also, the majority of respondents agreed on the nature of the reasons why they quit with disillusionment being the primary reason (Eley and others. in 2010).
The research is on the elements that influence people’s perception of nursing as a career path and the subsequent decision to not do work in the particular field. Although the specific question can appear to be rather broad, it permits the exploration of the myriad of financial, social, economic cultural, as well as technological aspects that affect the decisions of people in the field of 21 century-century healthcare. For instance, the fact Generation Y has recently entered the workforce market demonstrates the need to take into account the impact of technology, which is the nature of Generation Y, as one of the elements that determine the decisions of people as far as nursing is concerned.
It is also possible that the decision to choose the research topic has been greatly influenced by the growth in diversity within communities (Banerjee and co. (2016)). According to the latest research that has shown the rise in cases of people with ethnic backgrounds distinct from the community nurses have experienced major difficulties in adjusting to the demands of patients’ specific cultures (Kuwano, Lee, Jang Fukuda, and Kuwano 2017,). Thus, the specific problem could have also influenced nurses’ decision to leave.
By the description given by Eley and co. (2015) the study was conducted using a quantitative cross-sectional cohort study was employed to conduct the research. In other words, the researchers of the study examined the issue of nurses leaving their profession through the lens of an observational research study. The proposed framework could be considered valid in the context of the study because it permits examining the reasons behind a particular issue from multiple angles. Additionally, the proposed framework offers a wide range of possibilities to establish the connections to the variables discovered during the investigation. Furthermore, the chance of looking at the issue by using a longitudinal approach should be included among the main benefits of the chosen research method. Through studying how the issue is developing over time, it is possible to identify a common pattern and, consequently, find an appropriate solution to the issue of retention of nursing staff.
But, it’s incorrect to believe that the tool proposed is perfect. The cross-sectional design has flaws that can hinder the analysis. For instance, the data that is collected in a cross-sectional study might not be sufficient to establish a complete cause-and-effect relationship between the research variables. Therefore, the application of the specific research design requires some degree of generalization.
The authors of the study picked all 800 participants to be the sample size used in the study (Eley and al. (2010)). The chosen option is valid because it was based on a confidence level of 0.05 (Eley and al. (2010)). The decision to select the sample size can be justifiable due to the reality that the research methodology chosen for the study doesn’t allow for the representation of the population of the study in detail. In fact, as previously explained using an inter-sectional study is that we do not take into consideration the distinctive characteristics of each patient, thus creating more generalized results (Dooley and colleagues. (2016)). So, by selecting the entire 800 participants to make up the size of the sample, Eley et al. (2010) established the basis to provide a more objective method for analysis and further analysis of the results. The data seem sufficient, but the need for a more precise description of the size of the sample would be an appropriate improvement to the study.
Data Collection Method
A website-based tool that was paired with a demand for patients to explain the reasons they choose nursing as their profession and also to refuse to work in the specific area for those who had quit was utilized to collect research information (Eley and co. (2010)). Since no participant was younger than 18 and they all signed informed consent before participating in the research, the method of data collection could be considered ethically appropriate. Additionally, the fact that no participant’s data was divulged either during or following the study could be considered to be an indication that the study is legally clear. This means that the research is compliant with the ethical guidelines. It is possible that interviews can be utilized to collect deeper information about the factors that influence the participants in the study to decide to pursue nursing or to leave it.
As mentioned above the inability to accommodate a wide range of people is the primary issue. Because of in the cross-sectional research design as well as the choice of the authors, the study was unable to consider the specific characteristics of cultures of the target population, therefore providing general results. The limitation mentioned above can be overcome with a new research methodology that permits grouping participants by their cultural specifics.
While the issue raised may appear to be a minor problem in the paper, however, it has an impact on the validity and the apprehension of the research results. To make use of findings from research in a multicultural context, one has to develop the concepts that were suggested by Eley and colleagues. (2010) to satisfy the requirements of patients effectively. Therefore, identifying the research limitations is a vital first step in creating a practical method to meet the demands.
According to Eley and co. (2010) five main elements determine the selection of nursing as a study field. This includes being passionate about the subject as well as the ability to offer care and support to others, the chance to interact with others who feel that nursing is a calling for one, and having the opportunity to support the community (Eley and others. 2010,). Therefore, altruism and personal interest are surprisingly at the top spot in the reasons people choose nursing. The reasons for abandoning nursing, on the other hand, were mostly based on the possibility of pursuing other career paths that are not health-related or family obligations, and the inability of scheduling your work with shifts (Eley and co. 2010,).
The study’s findings offer a comprehensive answer to the inquiry. The researchers behind the study outline key elements that affect the decisions of individuals regarding the nursing profession. Additionally, the extent how which these factors impact the decision-making process of people is described and explained in the research paper. The results are therefore in line with the research objectives and questions in full. Although there are some minor flaws regarding the research design, the findings are highly trustworthy.
Summary: Key Points
Through analyzing both external and internal factors that determine whether individuals decide whether or not to pursue the nursing profession, Eley et al. (2010) have identified five key factors giving opportunities to improve the quality of working conditions and nursing for nurses. The study was about the causes that cause people to become nurses, and then decide to leave nursing. The results of the study show that disillusionment, family problems, and pursuing more opportunities in the field are the most significant reasons to leave nursing. The main reasons behind this are, in turn, personal preferences, and the desire to assist people and offer help to those in the community.
The results of the study can be utilized to improve the working environment in that nurses work. For instance, issues related to schedules and a growing workload could be addressed through a revision of the policies of corporate. This means that both the employee satisfaction rate and their quality of service can improve significantly. In a bigger sense, these findings could be utilized to change the notion of nursing by putting more importance on the needs of nurses. While the duties of a nurse are usually assumed to be a given however, it is vital to create an environment in which nurses are at ease and motivated to improve themselves both professionally and personally. This means that the quality of nursing care will increase significantly.